Java under the cultivation system collected writings by Robert Van Niel

Cover of: Java under the cultivation system | Robert Van Niel

Published by KITLV Press in Leiden .

Written in English

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  • Indonesia,
  • Java,
  • Netherlands


  • Land use, Rural -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
  • Rent -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
  • Agriculture and state -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
  • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Netherlands -- Colonies.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 229-241) and index.

Book details

StatementRobert Van Niel.
SeriesVerhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ;, 150
LC ClassificationsHD899.J4 V36 1992
The Physical Object
Pagination244 p. ;
Number of Pages244
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1466186M
ISBN 109067180424
LC Control Number93125814

Download Java under the cultivation system

Village Java Java under the cultivation system book the Cultivation System is a pioneering attempt to understand and explain the transformations undergone by the peasants of Java under the system of forced crop cultivation imposed upon them by the Dutch colonial government.4/5.

This book contains ten essays on the Cultivation System in Java by the eminent American scholar Van Niel, written over a period of almost twenty-five years. The Cultivation System was a most remarkable system of colonial exploitation, which set a large proportion of the Javanese peasant population to produce great quantities of marketable.

The regulation of sugar production in Java, -- IV. Measurement of change under the cultivation system in Java, -- V. Government policy and the civil administration in Java during the early years of the cultuvation system -- VI. The labor component in the forced cultivation system in.

Village Java under the cultivation system, (Southeast Asia publications series / Asian Studies Association of Australia) [Elson, R. E] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Village Java under the cultivation system, (Southeast Asia publications series / Asian Studies Association of Cited by: Java, Cultivation SystemAfter the Napoleonic Wars, Java and other posts in the East Indian archipelago were returned to the Kingdom of the Netherlands in The Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC) had governed these lands in the eighteenth century.

Source for information on Java, Cultivation System: Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since dictionary. Culture System, revenue system in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) that forced farmers to pay revenue to the treasury of the Netherlands in the form of export crops or compulsory labour.

It was introduced in by Johannes van den Bosch, then governor-general of the Dutch East Indies. According. Get this from a library. Village Java under the cultivation system, [R E Elson]. Starting ina set of policies known as the Cultivation System (cultuurstelsel in Dutch) was implemented as a means of covering the high cost of colonial administration in Java and bolstering the Netherlands' weak financial condition following the Napoleonic Wars and a civil war with Belgium, with which the Dutch had united in Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ᮏᮝ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.

With a population of over million (Java only) or million (including the inhabitants of its surrounding islands), Java has percent Java under the cultivation system book the Indonesian population and is the world's most populous on: Southeast Asia.

van Niel, ‘Measurement of change under the cultivation system in Java, –’, Indonesia, XIV,pp. 89– Quotation from the reprint in Fasseur, Geld en geweten, p.

; Van Niel assumes a factor of underreporting ranging from 72 to 75 percent of the totals for both population and cultivated by: 4.

The Cultivation System was a form of tax. It replaced land taxes owed to the Dutch in cash (which could be difficult to collect) with a requirement that one/fifth of village land was used to grow cash crops for the colonial government such as coffee or indigo for export instead.

According to the summary in chapter 2 of the extent of the Cultivation System in the periodapproximately 57 percent of the population of Java (excluding Batavia, Buitenzorg, and the principalities) was incorporated in the Cultivation System incompared to about 52 percent in This book helped to change Dutch public opinion about the "Cultivation System" and colonialism in general.

More recently, the name Max Havelaar was adopted by one of the first fair trade organizations. By the mid s the Dutch East Indies expanded arabica coffee-growing areas in Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi and Timor. Java, its administrative corps {Binnenlands Bestuur) supervising the forced cultivation of cash crops for European markets.

It has been generally assumed that in contrast to the situation in British India for example, under the Cultivation System () private European planters were banned from Java, and the Cultivation System has been. Rich Forests, Poor People untangles the complex of peasant and state politics that has developed in Java over three g on historical materials and intensive field research, including two contemporary case studies, Peluso presents the story of the forest and its people.

under the Cultivation System, 5 the forests were brought. Jun Xiaomo, notoriously known as “Lady Demoness”, finds herself chained and bound in a dungeon. Her hard-earned cultivation has been completely crippled, and she has no means of escape.

Qin Shanshan, a lady she used to called her “close friend”, mocks Jun Xiaomo, revealing that Jun Xiaomo had been used by the people around her. What began as a commercial transaction, however, soon became a system of compulsory production.

This book shows how the Dutch East India Company mobilised land and labour, why they turned to force cultivation, and what effects the brutal system they installed had on the economy and society. 1 online resource ( pages, viii pages of plates).

To that end, van den Bosch put into effect on Java a system of forced cultivation, known as cultuurstelsel, in which farmers were obliged to surrender a portion of production from their land to. The Politics of Colonial Exploitation: Java, The Dutch, and the Cultivation System (Studies on Southeast Asia) [Fasseur, Cornelis, Elson, R.

E., Kraal, Ary, Elson, R. E.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The development of the Cultivation System from the years to is the focus of this work by the Dutch scholar Cornelis by: improve cultivation, determine quality and yield, and carry out farm work (see Fig. The system can be used in many different ways.

These include supporting crop rotation regimes, supporting crop planning based on knowledge of the area under cultivation, and use by producers discussing decisions about the harvesting sequenceFile Size: KB. The Cultivation System led to a ‘big spurt’ in investment, mainly consisting of increased labour services that were invested in transport infrastructure, water management and the planting of cash crops (such as coffee trees), but also resulting from increased investment in imported machines and Author: Jan Luiten van Zanden, Daan Marks.

Village Java under the cultivation system, / R.E. Elson The idea of Indonesia: a history / R.E. Elson The end of the peasantry in Southeast Asia: a social and economic history of. The implementation of the Cultivation System in on Java by the Dutch colonial government was an attempt to bring this potentially rich colony under Dutch economic control, but it is usually Author: Ulbe Bosma.

cultivation in ancient Java Aspects of development during. the lndo-Javanese period, SAWAH CULTIVATION UNDER KRATON SUPERVISION The adoption of Indian principles of 53 56 60 66 74 of subak system had once existed in Java. Van Eck and LiefrinckCited by: 4. opus on the Cultivation System, the book is rigidly Java-centric (Elson, ; Knight, ).

Breman does not situate the material comparatively, which is surprising in view of his own rich contribution to our understanding of unfree labour regimes in India and colonial Sumatra (Breman,).Cited by: 4. cultivation techniques with a low environmental impact.

More and more attention is being paid, by the EU, and also by Italy, to en vironmental sustainability, biodiversity and. Marijuana Cultivation [] Purpose []. This book is to provide instruction on the use and cultivation of marijuana, also known as cannabis or hemp.

In this book you will find all the information needed to go from seed to a fully functioning garden. Contrary to van den Bosch's intention, production was also demanded of the people who had paid taxes by working under the Culture System. The system resulted in sharp criticism in the mids; one of the most outspoken critics was Multatuli (pseudonym of Dutch writer Eduard Douwes Dekker), who condemned the system in his book Max Havelaar ().

Sultans, Spices, and Tsunamis: The Incredible Story of the World's Largest Archipelago Indonesia is by far the largest nation in Southeast Asia and has the fourth largest population in the world after the United States.

Indonesian history and culture are especially relevant today as the Island nation is an emerging power in the region with a dynamic new leader.4/5. Crop Cultivation System a complex of interrelated technological, land-improvement, and organizational measures for land utilization and the restoration and improvement of soil fertility.

In kolkhozes and sovkhozes the crop cultivation system includes several interrelated elements: organization of the land area and crop rotation, the soil tillage system. Here we have given Forest Society and Colonialism Class 9 History Chapter 4 Notes.

NCERT Solutions Approximately one-sixth of India’s landmass was under cultivation. The population of Java was million. This was known as the blandongdiensten system.

Forest Rebellion in Java or Saminist Movement in Java. Investigating the process of agrarian change, this book analyzes costs and productivity under the main systems of primitive agriculture.

The conclusion is that technical, economic and social changes are unlikely to take place within primitive agriculture unless the rural community concerned is exposed to the pressure of population growth: a conclusion that is in sharp contrast to generally.

The land revenue was retained as an additional form of taxation beside the cultivation system; cf., Fasseur, Kultuurstelsel, pp. 22–25 Google Scholar 57b. Van Niel, ‘The Function of Landrent under the Cultivation System in Java’, in: Journal of Asian Studies, 23, (), pp.

–Cited by: 1. Synonyms for cultivation at with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for cultivation. Top Quality Beauty Cultivation System 极品美女养成系统 Pausing time, turning back time, reversing times of specific objects/person, and even predicting the future Taking advantage now that Su Lin has control of time within his grasp.

The Shifting Cultivation Research Sub-programme has so far carried out research, extension and training relevant to development in shifting cultivation areas of Lao P.D.R. This broad mandate ensured positive interactions between research and development activities, File Size: 28KB.

Oreilly linux system programming pdf download OReilly books may be purchased for educational, business, or sales. Linux System Programming, Second Edition, the image of the dedicated cultivation of a host of other programmers and hackers all over the world, all connected.

This book will not tell you how to install and maintain a Linux. This system intensified the government’s efforts to extract more produce from the land. It exacted the produce of one-fifth of a peasant’s land in lieu of taxes. By instituting new crops such as sugar, coffee and tea, it put a greater area of land under cultivation.

ADVERTISEMENTS: There are two methods of cultivation adopted by farmers for increasing production on land. They are: 1. Extensive Cultivation: When more and more land is brought under cultivation to increase production, it is called extensive cultivation.

ADVERTISEMENTS: In new countries like the United States, Australia and Canada, vast tracts of land are lying vacant [ ]. This book is about the prevalent characteristics and distribution of the major agricultural systems of the world - shifting cultivation, wet rice cultivation, pastoral nomadism, Mediterranean agriculture, mixed farming, dairying, plantations, ranching and large-scale grain production.

In Part One some major periods and processes that have affected agriculture are discussed. The Cultivation System 83 Liberal Era 89 East coast of Sumatera 91 Economic developments under Suharto Restraints on the exercise of power omissions in this book rests with me alone. A Short History of Indonesia x History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 AM Page x.

S t r a i t o f M e l a k a S u n d a S t r a i t M a k a s s a r S.The “Culture System” in Dutch Indonesia – How Rawls’s Original Position Ethics were Violated Abstract The “Culture System” was enforced in Java and other parts of Indonesia by the Dutch colonial government between and Under this system, Indonesian farmers were forced to put aside part of their land and.Strategic intervention is the key to successful agricultural development programs, and will be discussed in more depth in relation to different smallholder farming systems throughout this book.

Chapter 4, Farming Systems for Sustainable Intensification, gives a detailed discussion of African farming systems trajectories of change, and intensive.

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